Periodontal diseases are diagnosed by dentists during a periodontal examination. A small dental instrument (periodontal probe) is used to measure the space or pocket between the tooth and gum. Healthy pockets or sulcus do not bleed and measure 3 millimeters or less. This instrument is used to measure spaces that exceed 3 millimeters, since it increases as periodontal disease progresses. Your dentist Thunder Bay will use information such as the depth of the pockets, tooth mobility, inflammation, the amount of bleeding and more to make a diagnosis. Normally, the diagnosis will fall under Gingivitis, which is the first stage of periodontal disease, Periodontitis and Advanced Periodontitis which is the stage where teeth lose more support.
The treatment of periodontal diseases depends on the severity of the disease. After evaluating your periodontal disease, the dentist will recommend treatment that suits you best. As the periodontal diseases progress, the space between the gums and the tooth are filled with plaque, bacteria and tartar, which may cause irritation to tissues surrounding the area. One or two regular cleanings will be recommended if the disease has been identified in its early stages. If the disease has however progressed to advanced stages, deep cleaning and scaling will be recommended. Emergency dentist Thunder Bay services may be required on these advanced stages. In scaling procedure, plaque and tartar are removed below and above the gum line and the root surfaces are smoothed for any rough surfaces.
Periodontal disease is considered to be the number one cause of tooth loss among adults. This is mainly because it may go undetected as it’s often painless. When early detection is made however, bacterial infections can be prevented since the bacteria associated with the disease can run into the bloodstream causing other health effects. Periowave is a quick and painless technology that is used to kill bacteria associated with gum disease without any promotions of antibiotic resistance. On emergency dentist Thunder Bay, this technology will be used to kill bacteria, halting the disease progression and allowing the healing to start.
If plaque is not removed from your teeth, it only takes 24 hours to turn into tartar. Daily oral health care which includes brushing your teeth thoroughly and gently helps to control the formation of plaque and tartar. The areas that are hard to reach will however require some special attention. Your dentist Thunder Bay will recommend that you have regular maintenance cleanings once your periodontal treatments are completed. At these periodontal cleanings, your pocket depths will be examined carefully ensuring that they are healthy.